Some cases of periodontal disease can be treated non-surgically. This may include a deep cleaning of your teeth with scaling a root planing. These procedures clean the surfaces of your teeth by removing plaque, and also smooth out any rough surfaces or edges that bacteria tend to cling to. This helps prevent bacteria from multiplying on teeth and allows gums a chance to grow back and regain their health.
Your dentist may also use medications like dental gels to help clean teeth and treat the inflammation and swelling of gums.
Severe cases of periodontal disease may require dental surgery. Surgical options may be used to repair damage to the gums, remove teeth, clean bacteria below the gum line, reshape the bones holding teeth, or prevent future damage to gums and jaw bones. If you are a candidate for periodontal surgery your dentist will discuss the treatment options with you, including sedation and pain management techniques.